The Boston Tea Party is one of the most important chapters in the history of American Revolution. It was a protest by the Americans against the unfair tax imposed on them by the British government. "No taxation without representation" was a slogan echoed throughout America in those days.
In 1773, the British Prime Minister Frederick North introduced the Tea Act in Parliament and it was passed on May 10. This law allowed the East India Company to export tea directly to Americas and reduced the exporting duty of the commodity. The company selected merchants in American colonies to sell the tea.
At this time the warehouses o the company had millions of tons of tea stocked and the company was going through a financial crisis. The law was a blessing for the company since they could sell tea for comparatively low price in America where tea was very popular.
But the law triggered a response exactly opposite to that conceived by the British government. The tea merchants of American colonies went extremely unhappy because the law gave a monopoly to East India Company. They decided to respond strongly to this. The people of colonies were also supportive to the native traders. They abandoned the use of tea and turned to other drinks like coffee.
They also organized protests against the controversial law. They met the traders who ventured to sell the tea for East India Company and forced to withdraw from the agreement with the company.
Many of those traders backed off the deal. However the story in the colony of Massachusetts was a different story. Thomas Hutchinson, the governor of the state was very tough administrator. He neglected the protests of the people and encouraged the traders, which included his sons, there to sell the tea.
Day by day, the intensity of the protests from residents increased. They forcefully returned the ships from New York and Philadelphia which carried tea. However, three other ships reached the port of Boston with tea in November and December. The protestors couldn't convince them to return them and the events that ensued were dramatic.
In the evening of 16 December, more than a hundred people invaded the Boston port and boarded the three ships. Disguised as Red Indians, they were divided into three groups. They picked all of the 342 chests of tea and threw them out into the sea. This event became went on to be written in golden letters in the history of American freedom movement in the name of Boston Tea Party. The British government responded to the incident with harsher steps and escalated the intensity of the revolution, eventually leading to the freedom of America.