An Englishman, Henry Hudson, employed by the Netherlands was one of the many explorers who tried to find a route to the Indies via America. Although he sailed on the Dutch ship far up the river which later bore his name, he did not succeed in discovering a route. Nevertheless, the Dutch claimed all the land on either side of the Hudson River despite the fact that it drove a wedge through English possessions. In 1626 they bought Manhattan Island from the native Indians for good worth 60 Dutch guilders, then equivalent of about 24 dollars. They built a settlement on it and called it New Amsterdam. A governor was appointed, a non-legged Dutchman called Peter Stuyvesant. This was too much provocation for the English settlers. In 1664, a fleet of warships sent by James, Duke of York, sailed from England and anchored off New Amsterdam.
The town gave in without firing a shot, although the governor did all he could to make his men fight. Later its name was changed from New Amsterdam to New York to honor the royal duke (of York) who had financed the invasion.