Most scholars agree that the title rightfully belongs to Jericho, a city located near the Jordan River in the West Bank of the Palestinian Territories, about 8 miles north to the Dead Sea. The conclusion is based on radio-carbon dating on archaeological specimens from the lowest levels reached during excavations. These specimens indicate habitation of perhaps 3,000 people as early as 7800 BC.
Today the city of Jericho is inhabited chiefly by Palestinians and the total population is about 35,000.
You might also like: