There are two distinct species of domesticated camels. One is the one-humped Arabian camel, which roams the desert in northern and eastern Africa, Syria, Arabia and other parts of Asia Minor, and is also seen in northern India, Mongolia and south-central Asia (first photo). It is a long-limbed animal with large spreading feet. Calloused pads, or cushions, on its feet, chest and the joints of its legs protect these parts from being cut by the sharp grains of sand when the animal is walking, kneeling or lying down. Long eye-lashes protect the dark large eyes from glaring sun and whirling sand. Its nostrils, set slantwise above the split upper lip, can be closed also against drifting sand. That upper lip is very sensitive. Sight and smell are especially keen, and the animal can tell at a great distance away where water is to be found. Its teeth are strong, just right for chopping the sparse plants of the desert. Its coat is shaggy, with a fringe of hair along the top of its neck and under its chin. The coat is colored like the sand.
The two-humped species is the Bactrian camel (second photo). It is built more heavily than the Arabian camel, and has longer, finer hair, dark or fawn-colored. The Bactrian camel’s feet are harder, for this animal lives, not in sandy desert, but among the rocky wastes and mountain passes of northern and eastern Asia, in China, Siberia, Mongolia and India. It stands well the rigors of Arctic cold and of fierce heat.