Which is the remotest inhabited island? How far is it from the nearest human habitation?

There is a small 110-square kilometer island named Tristan-da-Cunha situated in the huge 8,22,17,000-square kilometer Atlantic Ocean between the continents of South America and Africa which enjoys unenviable honor of being the most isolated human habitation on Earth. The nearest human habitation from this island named after its discoverer, the Portuguese Admiral Tristao-da-Cunha in 1506, also happens to be another small island named St. Helena which is 2,110 kilometers distant. (Refer to the map.)
Having an area of 120 square kilometers and population of about 7,000 the St. Helena Island is famous as the home of Napoleon Bonaparte during his exile after the Battle of Waterloo. Coming back to Tristan-da-Cunha Island. It was gradually raised from the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean by the successive layers of the cooling lava erupting due to the volcanic activity. Continuing volcanic activity has raised the volcano’s crater to the altitude of 2,060 meters (6,760 feet) above the sea level. Many years later, possession of this uninhabited island passed in the hands of Great Britain which established a navel base on the island in 1816 but wound it up next year while Napoleon was living on ‘neighboring’ St. Helena Island. However, three of the colonists decided to remain behind amidst pristine sylvan environment of the island. With the passage of time inhabitants increased as the lucky shipwrecks managed to reach the shore of Tristan-da-Cunha Island. The island continued to be a British possession and by 1886 the population grew to 97 souls. The volcanic activity resumed in the 20th century and when the volcano erupted on October 9, 1961, all the inhabitants were evacuated immediately and brought to Britain. Not all the evacuees felt at home in the hustle and bustle if Britain and many (198 to be precise) returned to their small, remote island home in 1963. Today the islanders who number 370 maintain only tenuous links with the outside world. (October 2011)

Additional reading:
Tristan da Cunha (Wikipedia)

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