What is viral fever?

Viral fever is one of the most common ailments in the world. The term viral fever actually refers to a large group of conditions where viral infections cause rise in body temperature. In medical terms, a fever caused as a result of viral infection is a viral fever. Even though most of the infections have common symptoms, they affect specific organs. The course and duration of the infections vary and don’t follow any set pattern. They are often accompanied by body ache, running nose, cough, shivering, skin rash and irritability. One may or may not have all of these problems according to the type of infection. Viral infections can affect any person, regardless age and gender. However, due to low immunity, children and old people are more susceptible to it. It is seen worldwide and although they only require symptomatic treatments, some are highly contagious. Some of them are highly dangerous, and can lead up to even death, if treatment hadn’t been given in the early stages of the infection.
Most of the viral infections are spread by the consumption of contaminated food or water, or by direct contact. Once in the body, the infection slowly spread around the body and enters into the blood stream of lymph channels. A number of the viral infections can also be transmitted through sex or by direct inoculation into blood. The duration of the primary infection may vary, from days to several weeks. The manifestation of disease is generally the consequence of the virus multiplying rapidly at a specific part of the body.
Once the virus enters the body, there is an incubation period during which it increases in numbers to a level high enough to cause the infection. This is followed by general body ache and fatigue and slow rise in body temperature. The consequent fever may be low grade or high grade. Running nose, nasal congestion, headache, inflammation of throat, redness of eyes, cough and pain at joints are common conditions. The lymph glands may also swell up during the course. The body pains and cough may persist for days, longer than the other problems.
Though these are not much dangerous, sometimes, things may lead to more complicated conditions like pneumonia, diarrhea and arthritis. The viral fever can be treated with medications though it is not necessary all time. Good rest and appropriate food during the phase is also important. Viruses have short lifespan and the fever naturally dissipates most of the occasions. Personal hygiene is important in the prevention of viral infections. Once a person is infected with a virus, he or she can never be infected with that particular virus again, since the body makes antibodies to fight them.

Additional reading:
Viral Fever
Fever (Wikipedia)

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