Who is known as the father of typewriter?

Christopher Latham Sholes
Typewriter was a revolutionary invention that changed the dynamics of the world of letters. We owe the invention of modern day typewriter to a multi-faceted genius named Christopher Latham Sholes. Born in 1819 in Milwaukee of USA, Sholes was a publisher, a politician and a philosopher. He is known as the ‘father of typewriter’. The earlier forms of typewriter had originated as early as 1714. It was invented by Henry Mill. But it was Sholes who made a practical one and commercialized the product.
Sholes had been working as an editor of a newspaper when he set out to make a new device that would automatically number the pages in the books. He was joined by a fellow publisher, Samuel W. Soule. They developed a numbering machine in 1866 and took patent for it. Later they were joined by Carlos Glidden, a lawyer interested in inventions. It was Glidden who suggested the idea of a machine that could print not just numbers but also letters. It was then they also came across an article published by the popular magazine Scientific American, about ‘Pterotype’, a prototype typewriter invented by John Pratt. Realizing they could improvise the Pterotype, they set out the experiments. The word typewriting was first used in that article as well.

John Pratt’s Pterotype
After many experiments, Sholes and his colleagues developed a simple device with a piece containing printer’s types mounted on a little rod, designed to strike upward onto a flat plate which would hold the carbon papers sandwiched between sheets of writing paper, to enable the printing of multiple copies. The strike on the types would produce the imprints. Pressing the keys would swing the type bar up to the cylindrical plate with a ribbon for inking.
Sholes typewriter, 1873

They got the patent for the device in 1868, and found an investor in a man named James Densmore. Despite the exit of his two colleagues from the business, Sholes continued to work on improvising his machine with Densmore. They consulted a stenographer named James O. Clephane who made many suggestions of improvement for the device. In 1873, they approached the industrial giant Remington Arms Company, makers of arms and farm tools, with their products. The New York based firm bought the patent and took up the manufacture of the typewriter. In a short period of time, they acquired a large market worldwide. The first Remington typewriters were manufactured in 1874. Later many versions and models got to market, and dominated it.

Even though, Sholes sold his patent, he continued experiments on typewriters and went on to develop the QWERTY keyboard, which is still in use day. The typewriters became a blessing for many authors and those who work in writing jobs. Mark Twain, the legendary writer who created the unforgettable characters Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn, is credited as the first author to use a typewriter.

Additional reading:
Typewriter (Wikipedia)

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