Chocolate chip cookies are one of the most loved sweets in the world. Even though most of the people who enjoy this crunchy sweet know that it was invented, barely a few seem to know the inventor of it. The chocolate chip cookie was born in the USA during the days of great depression. It was invented by Ruth Graves Wakefield, an accomplished chef and the owner of Toll House Inn, a popular restaurant in Massachusetts.
There are various versions of the story behind the invention of chocolate chip cookie. Many of the stories say that the invention was accidental while people who knew Wakefield refute those claims. According to the popular version, she was making chocolate cookies when she ran out of baker’s chocolate. In a state of panic, she substituted it with the semi-sweet chocolate she had got from Andrew Nestle of Nestle Company. She thought that the chocolate would melt and mix into the batter but it didn’t, leading to the birth of chocolate chip cookie. However, a major shortcoming of this story is the history of the protagonist herself. Ruth Wakefield was an accomplished chef and author of a cookbook. She was aware of the mechanics of chocolate or cookie dough and should have known the Nestle chocolate would not melt. It points to a deliberate invention and Wakefield herself admitted so. In an interview given in 1974, she said that the chocolate chip cookie was the result of an attempt to give something different to her customers who all enjoyed her butterscotch nut cookie.
In a version contrary to those above, George Boucher, once head chef of Toll House Inn, claimed that the chocolate chip cookie was born when the bars of the semi-sweet chocolate fell into the chocolate dough from shelf due to the vibrations of an electric mixer located nearby.
In any way, the sweet dessert became instantly popular and Nestle bought the rights to the recipe. The recipe was first published in the 1938 edition of Wakefield’s cookbook, Toll House Tried and True Recipes under the name Toll House Chocolate Crunch Cookie. She became almost a celebrity in those days. Nestle still prints a variation of her recipe on their every packs of chocolate chip cookie sold in North America, as a tribute to her. However, the restaurant Toll House Inn no longer exists. After the death of Wakefield in 1977, its popularity began to dwindle, and it was eventually demolished on the New Year day of 1985.
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